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Dental Dictionary 4.

Ecto Derma Polyclinic - Dental - Medical - Laser  Educational and Research Center

1085. Budapest, József krt.37.  Hungary  Tel.: +36 1 3178175 ; +36 1 2350024
Fax.: +36 1 2350025  Email:

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Palate - The structure in the upper jaw which comprises the hard bone of the maxilla anteriorly and the softer structures of the soft palate posteriorly . It also refers to the side of the upper teeth closest to the palate.
Panoramic X-ray - The machine spins around your head to get the "big picture." Dentists use this radiograph for several things. They are excellent for taking teeth out and for preliminary diagnosis of many conditions. We can use them to get a good overview of the amount of bone support your teeth have. We can evaluate the sinuses and screen for a variety of pathological conditions that can occur in both the upper and lower jaws.
Partial denture - Removable dental appliance that replaces some of the natural teeth.
Periodontal treatment - Treatment for gum disease. Often performed by gum and implant specialist or periodontist. 
Pericoronitis - is the term for the pre-surgical infection that typically develops in the third molar area. Partial tooth eruption can leave an opening around the tooth in which bacteria can multiply and cause infection. The result- swelling, jaw stiffness, pain, and general malaise. If wisdom teeth are not removed, infections can frequently recur, adjacent teeth can become decayed, and periodontal (gum & bone) disease can develop. On occasion, cysts and tumors, possibly resulting in loss of multiple teeth and/or jaw resection surgery, do develop. In short, there is rarely an indication to not remove wisdom teeth. Even in cases where other teeth have been removed to facilitate orthodontic treatment there is rarely a good reason to keep one's wisdom teeth. Ultimately, removal of wisdom teeth is the cure for the various problems people encounter with them.
Periapical X-ray - This type of x-ray is the size of a postage stamp and is used for diagnosing specific conditions on or around a tooth such as cavities or bone loss caused by periodontal disease. With these we can often also see bone loss caused by a sickness within the tooth. Existing dental work can also be evaluated.
Plaque - A natural deposit laid down on the surface of a tooth. It consists of layers of dead cells, bacteria and a sticky component of saliva called mucin. The bacteria ferment sugars in the diet to produce acid which decays teeth and also produces toxins that irritate the gum and cause gum disease.
Porcelain - Ceramic, tooth-colored material that fuses at high temperatures to form a hard, enamel-like substance. 
Posterior - bonded composite resin - Tooth-coloured filling for back teeth.

Periodontics Laser treatments

  1. Calculus detection
  2. Scaling and calculus removal
  3. Root surface alterations
  4. Reduction of level of bacteria
  5. Ablation and recontouring of alveolar bone
  6. New attachment formation
  7. Periodontal plastic surgery

Periodontal plastic laser surgery

  1. Gingivectomy
  2. Hyperplasias
  3. Orthodontically induced hyperplasia
  4. Epulis

Periodontal pocket treatment method with laser
First ultrasonic subgingival scaling, after 980 nm Diode Laser subgingival bacterial decontamination 3W,  0,01 sec pulse- 0,01 interval - 4 times inside 1 pocket (AmDent 2030 + Smilepro)
Suggested method

  • Lidocain spray anaestesia
  • Ultrasonic treatment and 980 nm diode laser application in one session (300 µm fiber,3W,0,01 sec; 0,01 sec)
  • 4 times 1 pocket under Panoramic X ray controll
  • 2nd week diode laser  treatment again
  • 3rd week diode laser  treatment again
  • 2 times a week soft laser therapy

Advantages of the diode laser parodontal pocket treatment

  • Not necessery infiltration anastesia
  • 3 sessions - weekly is very effectiv
  • 25-50 sec/teeth lasing is effectiv
  • Minimal pain or painless

Resin-bonded bridge - Thin metal or glass fiber-reinforced bridge requiring slight or no reduction of anchor teeth. 
Root canal treatment (Endodontics) - Inside your tooth, running like a thread through the root, is the pulp. When the pulp is diseased or injured, the pulp tissue dies. If you do not remove it, your tooth gets infected and this causes intense pain and can lead to a dental abscess. After the dentist removes the pulp, the root canal is cleaned and sealed off to protect it. Then a crown is placed over your tooth to help make it stronger.
Rubber dam - Thin rubber sheet applied to teeth in order to control moisture during dental procedures. It also forms a protective barrier for the patient when silver-mercury fillings are removed.