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Dental Dictionary 2.

Ecto Derma Polyclinic - Dental - Medical - Laser  Educational and Research Center

1085. Budapest, József krt.37.  Hungary  Tel.: +36 1 3178175 ; +36 1 2350024
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Dental Implant - If you have a missing tooth, a Dental Implant is considered to be the best way to replace that tooth. Before a Dental Implant is even considered, you will need to have a Dental examination to determine whether the Dental Implant is the best option for you. 
During the examination you will have a Dental X-ray to make sure that the jawbone is healthy enough to take the Dental Implant. To receive an implant, your mouth must be hygienically clean before surgery can commence. 
The Implant Surgeon will then have a Titanium metal Dental Implant surgically placed in your jaw. Once the healing process is complete then the implant post & crown is fitted. The end result is the closest thing that man can do to mimic a tooth and its natural root. When a tooth is near the front of the mouth, there are cosmetic issues that need to be addressed. Getting the end result to look like a real tooth is a monumental challenge. The teeth next to the implant tooth will have complex color gradients that need to be matched in the false tooth. The gums need to be sculpted in such a way that they look natural. Our specialist Dentist will pay special attention to the placement of the Implant post so that the false tooth has the correct inclination in your mouth. The other typical way to replace your missing tooth is with a bridge. A bridge suspends the missing tooth between the teeth on either side. 
The main advantage of an implant is that nothing has to be done to the teeth on either side. If they are healthy, they can be left untreated, whereas the placement of a bridge may require those teeth to have crowns placed on them.
Dental Pulp - The collective term for nerves, blood vessels and connective tissues which are contained within the dentine and which provide a tooth with a nerve supply and nutrition.
Dentin - Layer of tooth structure under the enamel. Exposed dentine is the main cause of tooth sensitivity. 
Diastema - Space between two teeth, usually the front two teeth.
Dentures - After teeth are removed, without the roots of the teeth in the jawbone, the jawbone begins to shrink in a process known as "resorbtion." The lower jaw shrinks at about four times the rate of the upper jaw.
This process of resorbtion causes lower dentures to need almost constant refitting as the denture appliance beomes loose over the receding bone and gums. When dentures become loose, irritation of the gums increases causing sores, pain, difficulty chewing, and sometimes even problems speaking. 
Clip-on Dentures create a revolutionary way to wear lower dentures. No more messy powders or creams to apply and no more loose dentures or foods you must avoid! 
With Clip-on Dentures you will eat and speak more confidently and you will have more than three to four times better chewing stability and comfort with this system.
Titanium fixtures are surgically implanted on either side of the lower jaw. 
Next, dentures are prepared with the associated "sockets" that attach to the bars implanted in your jaw. After appropriate healing has taken place, (usually 8 weeks), just clip your dentures inplace for a secure, stable, comfortable fit.


Enamel - Hard, white outer layer of the tooth that covers and protects the dentin. It is the hardest natural substance in the animal kingdom and only diamond and tungsten-carbide can cut it effectively. 
Epulis -  An abnormal swelling of the gum tissue around the teeth.
EndodonticsFissures - See root canal treatment
Extraction -is the complete removal of a primary or a permanent tooth. An Extraction can be surgical or non-surgical. This depends on the difficulty of the extraction and whether or not the tooth is impacted or erupted, and whether it has straight or curved roots.
The most common dental extractions involve wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last teeth to erupt and the most frequent cause of jaw problems, particularly in teenagers and young adults. The average adult has 32 teeth by eighteen to twenty years of age; sixteen teeth on top and sixteen teeth on the bottom. However, most people only have enough room for twenty-eight teeth. Consequently, people's third molar teeth usually remain impacted. Specifically, impacted teeth are those that have not erupted or cannot erupt normally. Even if wisdom teeth do erupt, they usually require removal as an adult due to decay and/or periodontal disease.


Fissures -  The grooves and depressions on the occlusal surface of a molar or premolar , often sealed by the dentist if they are very deep, to prevent decay.
Fissure sealants - A thin plastic protective film painted on the chewing surfaces of back teeth. Children receive the greatest benefit from sealants as the chewing surfaces of a child's teeth are most susceptible to cavities and the least benefited by fluoride.
Fluoride treatment - Fluoride treatments help to strengthen the teeth externally.
Frenum - The fleshy muscle attachment which joins the inner surface of the of the lip to the gum between the teeth.


Gingivae - Gums.
Gum (periodontal) disease - Also known as gingivitis or periodontitis - you may not realize that red or bleeding gums, tooth sensitivity and bad breath are warning signs of gum disease– a serious infection that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss.
Gum Reshaping - Excessive or uneven gums can be corrected with a simple cosmetic surgical procedure or gingivoplasty resulting in a more even, pleasing smile.


Halitosis - Bad breath.
High lip line - Where the widest smile reveals the gum tissue above the teeth.
Hygienist - As licensed oral health professionals, dental hygienists focus on preventing and treating oral diseases-both to protect teeth and gums-and also to protect patients' total health.