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Dental Dictionary 1.

Ecto Derma Polyclinic - Dental - Medical - Laser  Educational and Research Center

1085. Budapest, József krt.37.  Hungary  Tel.: +36 1 3178175 ; +36 1 2350024
Fax.: +36 1 2350025  Email:

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Advantages of Implants - Implant restorations are the closest thing to your own teeth. Implants have one of the highest success rates of any dental restoration. The placement of implants preserve your jaw bone. Proper placement and restoration of your bite will probably increase your chewing efficiency over conventional tooth replacement. Implants last and do not decay.  Almost 500,000 implants were placed in 2000. The dental profession has over 30 years experience with implants.


Acupuncture - Acupuncture is an ancient system of healing, practiced in China and other Eastern countries for thousands of years, where it has been used to restore and maintain health and well-being.
Acrylic - The common name for the material from which most plastic dentures are constructed (actually polymerised methyl methacrylate, or 'Perspex'®).
Amalgam fillings (silver-mercury) - Are a mixture of different metals such as 65% silver, 6% copper,2% zinc and 25% tin bound with elemental mercury. Trituration is the process of mixing these alloys together with mercury. The mercury makes up between 45-50% of the mixture and acts as glue that binds these metals into a hard stable substance that can last for decades.


Attachment formation after the laser treatment
New attachment formation

  1. The main goal of periodontal therapy is:

    -to reduce inflammation
    -to form a new connective tissue or epithelial attachment.
  2. Biocompatibility of root surface plays an important role of periodontal regeneration.
  3. The root surface interfere with migration, attachment, proliferation and differentation of periodontal ligament cells.
  4. The ligament cells are responsible for new attachment formation.

Bleaching (tooth whitening) - Process of brightening or whitening stained, discolored, or dull teeth with an in-office power bleaching method.
Bonding (composite resin bonding) - Process by which enamel-like resin is bonded to a tooth's surface, sculpted to an ideal shape, hardened, and polished. 
Bridge - A bridge is a custom device anchored to neighbouring teeth that replaces one or more missing teeth. When a lost tooth is replaced with bridgework, the teeth on either side of the missing one must be prepared as crowns which will serve as abutments to hold the replacement teeth in place.
Bruxism - The habit of grinding the teeth together, more likely to be carried out during sleep but some patients do it continually. It causes substantial tooth wear and muscle pain.


Cementum - A hard, calcified layer around the root of the tooth. The periodontal fibres attach to the bone of the socket and embed into the cementum to anchor the tooth in place in the socket.
Chrome - A dental abreviation of cobalt-chromium, the alloy from which most metal-based dentures are constructed. It is very hard and rigid but can be cast into very complicated shapes so is ideal for the purpose.
Composite resin - Tooth-colored filling material made of resin reinforced with silica or porcelain particles. 
Cosmetic contouring - Reshaping the natural teeth to make them straighter or more youthful in appearance. 
Cosmetic dentistry - Field of dentistry dedicated to the art and science of enhancing a person's smile, overall appearance, and oral health.
Cosmetic Imaging - A digital way to see beforehand, what your smile will look like after treatment.
Crown - A crown-sometimes called a cap-is a tooth like covering placed over a carefully prepared existing tooth. Most crowns are made of porcelain, a stain resistant material that closely replicates the appearance and function of your natural teeth. Used to strengthen, restore or improve the appearance of your natural tooth a crown is placed on an individual tooth much like a thimble over your finger. Crowns are also used to support teeth when there is no longer sufficient tooth structure left to place a filling.
Cyst - A fluid filled cavity which is present abnormally.