GMC‎ > ‎Patients ABROAD‎ > ‎Oral surgery‎ > ‎

Oral surgery prior to dental implantation

Laser surgery of periodontal pockets

3 mm deep periodontal pockets indicate that gingivitis has progressed to periodontitis. In the long term, loosening of teeth and tooth loss are inevitable, and secondary diseases (as heart attack, brain haemorrhage, premature birth) can also develop. To stop periodontitis, it is absolutely necessary to follow an appropriate mouth care together with the elimination of bacteria, hiding in the periodontal pockets. The most efficient way of bacteria elimination is the laser treatment, see APDT therapy.


Bone surgery, bone graft

Removal of cysts, disorders in the jawbones, building up the bone structure to support the implants belong to this type of surgeries.

Infected tooth can cause smaller-bigger cysts at the tip of the root. As time progresses, those cysts can cause not only pain, but several other discomforts (hair loss, abnormal blood count, organic diseases, headache, malaise), because they are forming infection sources in the body. Those cysts are removed by piezo technique, what is the one of the best of the latest procedures for this purpose. The most important feature of this technique is that the surgical bone cutting tip works via ultrasonic vibrations, enabling precision cuts, without damaging the adjacent bone and tissue. Consequently woundhealing is quicker, and there are less post-operative pain and swelling, than when using conventional devices.

If the patient has not enough bone, artificial synthetic bone is used to build the appropriate height, width and structure. Sinus lift is a specific option of bone grafting, bone volume of the upper jaw is artificially increased towards the sinus, through a small bone window.

This procedure is frequently applied in case of bone deficiency, prior to the implantation.


Tooth removal, tooth extraction

The simplest and less radical method is reasonable both for patient and dentist.

Prior to each tooth extraction, thorough dental examination, panoramic X-ray, in special cases CT scans are indicated to reach a diagnosis, to define the exact conditions.

There are several procedures for tooth removal, tooth extraction, in conformity with the individual conditions. Loose teeth can be extracted using simple forceps, due to low resistance. However, if a wisdom tooth is not erupted from the jawbone, it will generally be removed by piezo technology, by vibrations or by elevation. In more complicated cases other bone drilling device is to be applied-

Uncovering implants 

After the implantion follows a healing period of generally 4-6 months. During this period, called osseo integration, the implants fuse with the jawbone and stabilize. Then after the osseo integration, permanent replacements, as circular bridge, bridge or crown can be built. The implants are to be uncovered before tooth replacement.  Uncovering means that gum over the top of the implant will be removed. This is generally carried out with surgical devices, or with laser, causing the less irritation and discomfort, as the safest way to avoid infections.