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Implantation process

Tooth implants are the most up to date alternative of tooth replacement. 

It is a great advantage of the implants to the bridges that no healthy tooth structures are to be removed. Contrary to the conventional artificial dentures, no adhesives are necessary, and the implants prevent bone resorption after tooth loss.
Crowns or dentures fitted onto the dental implants will be as your own teeth, either a single tooth or a complete natural denture is to be replaced. Your chewing ability, speech, smile will be the same, as before losing your natural teeth.

What is a dental implant? The dental implant is an artificial root, made of biocompatible titanium, inserted into the place of lost teeth. Those implants can be used as roots for single artificial teeth, pillars for bridges, or full dentures for toothless.
Dental implants are strong, fully functional, and aesthetic as your natural teeth.

Whom are dental implants recommended?

Dental implants can be recommended for all, who...
      • Don’t want to have filed down healthy teeth adjacent to the gap,
      • Want permanent bridge instead of removable prosthesis,
      • Want to have removable dental plates made more stable
      • Want to have a missing tooth replaced in the most comfortable way
Basic preconditions
  • Enough bone
  • Good health conditions (same as for a driving licence) 
  • Appropriate oral hygiene

Excluding factors
  • Severe haemophilia 
  • Severe diabetes
  • Cancerous disease
  • Serious bite disorders
  • Bad oral hygiene
  • Heavy smoking
  • Alcohol-, drug abuse

As to the aesthetics and comfort, dental implants are like natural teeth, but their maintenance needs a great care. It is important to keep them clean, to avoid loosening or their loss.

What is a dental implant?

The implant, in other words, artificial root is made of high purity titanium. Its shape is similar to that of the root, with threading on the surface. They are manufactured in many shapes and sizes, the dentist is choosing the appropriate type and size in conformity with the location of the implant and bone conditions. The hard (D1) and the soft (D4) bone can integrate different implants. The artificial root will be inserted into the bone. After the osseo integration an implant abutment will be screwed into the root, and then impressions are taken for crowns, bridges (or sometimes for other special fixing parts). The implant abutment is what attaches a crown to the root.

What are the steps of dental implant surgery?

Placement of dental implants and making replacement tooth is nowadays a routine in the major dental, dental surgeons’ offices, clinics with appropriate personal, professional, technical and financial assets.
A great number of implant systems are available all over the world. The dentist always chooses the type, number and size best fitted to the patient’s conditions, and local, general circumstances. When planning the implantation, the necessary complementary treatments, i.e. bone graft, gum correction, additional therapies are also to be considered. The type of abutments and tooth replacements is also to be clarified. 
When choosing an implant, implant and bone load ability, bone conditions and qualities, bone graft possibilities, patient’s personality and health conditions, and many other factors are to be considered.
The planning of the tooth replacement is also defined by several factors. The dental laboratories with special expertise and technical background play a very important role in this team work. Implantation prosthetics often make tooth replacements according to principles deferring from those of natural teeth.
If there is not enough bone present to support the implant, it is recommended to make a bone augmentation. This can be made by synthetic bone, by transplanting patient’s piece or chips of bone, or by their combination. Dental implants can be placed if the patient has enough bone of appropriate quality, and the patient can accept the rules and conditions wearing an implant, as well. 
A great number of implant systems are known and used in Hungary. When making a dental implant, the starting point is always the patient’s health condition, analysis of the needs, selection of the appropriate one from the eligible procedures. Nearly all implants are made of titanium and they are screw shaped. According to modern science the osseo integration of those implants is the most successful. There are differences mainly in the surface treatment. Non screw shaped implants are made first of all for special indications. It is a crucial decision to select the type, size, number of implants (considering the bone conditions) - because they are basically determining the functional and aesthetical result to be expected. Many systems offer a wide range of implants, enabling the possibilities of the best solution. The implantation prosthetics (tooth replacement on implants) is a team effort. The team consists of oral surgeon, prosthetic dentist, parodontologist, well trained dental assistants and dental technician. The dental technician must have a special laboratory background. 

Beyond titanium, zirconium bio ceramic implants can also be used to increase the stability of the replacements. Entirely metal-free implants and crowns, bridges can be made of zirconium oxide ceramic, what is a good solution for patients suffering from metal allergies. Zirconia dental implants are not only metal free, they have an aesthetic advantage over titanium, because the implants are white, and they don’t shine through the replacements, the periodontal healing is nearly perfect, mechanical load ability, bioinert qualities and biocompatibility are outstanding. Zirconium is preferable to titanium in three basic cases: metal allergies, chronic diseases, very high aesthetic requirements.

When planning a dental implantation or before important prosthetic works it is worthwhile to make allergy tests of dental metals or of the complete range of dental materials. These tests predict the oral reactions of the replacements, so dissolution of allergenic metals and side effects, causing often serious health conditions can be prevented.