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Treatment of fungal nail and foot infections

Fungal foot infections are particularly common; therefore there are countless home remedies as well.
The fungi are very resistant; their elimination requires a lot of patience and persistence. Not always the fungi are liable of the failure.
It can happen that we choose an inappropriate therapy: the over the counter foot care products and cosmetics, available in pharmacies and shoe shops are mainly suitable for prevention or for the treatment of mild cases. They can’t eliminate severe symptoms.


Symptoms:

The nail becomes thickened and discoloured. If the infection is caused by budding fungi, the infection spreads from the nail bed. AIDS patients are prone to this type of infection (see left image).
Filamentous fungi are attacking from the nail edge, the thickened nail becomes yellow.
Mold-like fungi cause greenish blackish discoloration, debris is trapped under the nail see right image). Samples of the debris are to be sent for a culture, to allow the targeted treatment.


Treatment:

The fungal nail infection is cured by the growth of new, non-infected nails. External medications can help only at the early stages of the fungal nail infection.
In most of the cases, systematic medication can’t be avoided.
Former medication damaged liver and haematopoietic organs, therefore monthly laboratory tests (liver function, blood count) were necessary. The up to date orally administered medicines have considerably less side effects. However caution must be exercised when treating patients with liver disease, it is not absolutely necessary to perform laboratory tests every month, therefore the therapy became considerably simpler. Pathogen fungi are to be identified to allow selecting the appropriate medication.