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Food allergies

Food allergy occurs, when the immune system mistakes something in food as harmful – some protein in most of the cases – and attacks it. Most common allergenic foods for adults: egg, seashell, fishes, peanut; for children: milk, soya, seashell, peanut.

Food intolerance is not a reaction of the immune system; this occurs when a food irritates the stomach or cannot properly digest it. The most common food intolerance is the lactose intolerance. Milk and many everyday foods contain lactose.

What are the symptoms of the food allergy?

Symptoms of food allergy can range from mild to severe. The triggering quantity of food may vary from patient to patient. Most common symptoms:
    • hives (urticaria)
    • nausea
    • stomach pain
    • diarrhea
    • itchy skin
    • shortness of breath
    • chest pain
    • swollen airways
    • anaphilaxy
Symptoms of food intolerance
  • nausea
  • stomach pain
  • cramps, bloating
  • vomiting
  • heartburn
  • diarrhea
  • headache
  • irritability, nervousness

1% of children and 7% of adults are affected by food allergy; children’s food allergy often recedes by adult ages. Food intolerance is more common. Almost all had unpleasant reaction to any food, once at least. Many people are expressly sensitive to certain foods. Most common is the lactose intolerance, affecting about 10% of the population. 

How to manage food intolerance?

It is essential to avoid the irritating food or to consume only a minimal quantity.
As a matter of fact, symptoms are to be treated.