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Ultrasound examinations

Abdominal and small pelvis ultrasound scan (for children and adult)

Sanity and functions of liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, aorta, vena cava inferior, area behind the pancreas, small intestine, colon are checked during the ultrasound scan. Full urinary bladder (both men and women) is necessary to scan urinary bladder, womb, ovaries and prostate as well.

Many abdominal disorders can be identified or excluded during the ultrasound scan, e.g.: gallstone, kidney stone, acute or chronic inflammatory disorders, enlargements, tumours, bleeding, and abdominal fluid retention.

To prevent various diseases and disorders it is worth to undergo an abdominal and small pelvis ultrasound screening every year.

Ultrasound examination of joints

If there are persisting joint symptoms after an injury, acute or chronic pain or reduced mobility - ultrasound scan of joints is recommended. It is recommended to bring previous X ray examination results to identify the disorders. X ray images display mainly bones; the ultrasound examination displays the conditions of muscles, tendons, bone surface, joint capsules. Muscle rupture, acute or chronic inflammation, haemorrhage, swelling are considered to be disorders.

Ultrasound examination of the neck veins

The carotid arteries of the neck are examined with ultrasound device. One of the most is important screenings is the inspection of the neck artery walls, because they truly reflect the stage of arteriosclerosis.

Symptoms of dizziness, headache, sudden temporary loss of sight, high blood pressure, tingling indicate that it is worth to have this examination made.

Unfortunately it is not in the initial stage when appear the arteriosclerosis related vasoconstriction symptoms. Surgery is indicated at a narrowing of about 75%; so it is essential to put emphasis on prevention.

Examination of leg arteries and veins.

The ultrasound scan of leg arteries and veins is essential to the early identification of narrowing, occlusion and pathologic enlargement of veins. Pain on walking - relieving on standing, spontaneous spasmic pain on the backside of the legs, as if you were carrying heavy burdens - can be symptoms of these diseases.

Swelling, persistent tenseness, typical venous pain indicates the necessity of the ultrasound scan.

The deep vein thrombosis can develop very quickly. Early prevention or immediate ultrasound examination when the suspicion arises are essential. Thrombosis may develop in the lower limbs even without clinical symptoms, but can cause severe pulmonary embolism or pulmonary infarction.

Examination of arm arteries and veins

The ultrasound scan of leg arteries and veins is essential to the early identification of narrowing, occlusion and pathologic enlargement of veins. Discomforts are similar to those of the legs; severe pain, swelling.

Ultrasound examination of thyroid gland and neck organs

Shape, dimensions, surface, structure and pathologic anomalies of the thyroid salivary glands are scanned during this examination. There is a much extended lymphatic vessel on the neck comprising many lymph nodes as well. A great number of lymph nodes can be found above the clavicle, along the sternocleidomastoid muscles, under the jawbone, behind the ears. The upper limit in size of lymph nodes is of 10 mm approximately; larger ones are to be considered as abnormal. The size of the lymph node can be well defined by ultrasound scan. Identification of the cause (inflammation, infection, tumour) is of prime importance, if any pathologic abnormality has been revealed.